On August 20, 1858, Ashland Baptist Church was organized by 15 members who came from nearby Winn’s, Taylorsville and Walnut Grove Baptist churches. That first meeting was held in the Union Meeting House (currently the Masonic Hall) on England Street and served as the worship center until the dedication of the new church on Railroad Avenue (now the Hanover Arts and Activities Center) in September 1859. During the Civil War, the church was used as a hospital.
Through the years membership increased, and land for a new church complex was purchased west of town. The last service held in the original church was on June 25, 1967. On the following Sunday, services were held at the new church located at 800 Thompson Street.